Apium graveolens herb health
benefits, information, benefits, treatments
February 2 2017
Wild celery is a botanical herb has a long history as natural medicine and food use.
Apium graveolens is an aromatic bitter tonic herb that reduces blood pressure, relieves indigestion, stimulates the uterus and is anti-inflammatory. As of 2017 we could not find any human studies with this herb either by itself or combined with other herbs or food extracts.
Cardiovasc Toxicol. 2014. Protective Effect of Apigenin on Ischemia / Reperfusion Injury of the Isolated Rat Heart. Apigenin, a mainly bioactive component of Apium graveolens (a traditional Chinese medicinal herb), possesses a wide range of biological activities, including antioxidant effects. It also has been shown to associate with lower prevalence of cardiovascular diseases
Botanical origin of Indian celery seed (fruit)
Nat Med. 2009. Maruyama T, Abbaskhan A, Choudhary MI, Tsuda Y, Goda Y. Division of Pharmacognosy, Phytochemistry and Narcotics, National Institute of Health Sciences, Setagaya-ku, Tokyo, Japan
In the course of our study on the traditional medicines and foodstuffs used in Pakistan, we investigated the origin of Indian celery by using the analysis of the internal transcribed spacer sequence of nuclear rDNA and a phytochemical approach. We found that the source plant of the Indian celery containing coumarin derivatives such as seselin, bergapten and isopimpinellin was not common celery, Apium graveolens. Our results suggest the source plant is Seseli diffusum even though Indian workers reported that A. graveolens seeds contain the aforementioned compounds. In addition, a market survey of the Indian celery in Pakistan and related countries revealed that the Indian celery seeds in Pakistani markets are mainly composed of three species which have been confused in rural markets.
An extract of Apium graveolens var. dulce leaves:
structure of the major constituent, apiin, and its anti-inflammatory properties.
J Pharm Pharmacol. 2007; Mencherini T, Cau A, Bianco G, Della Loggia R, Aquino RP, Autore G. Dipartimento di Scienze Farmaceutiche, University of Salerno, Italy.
Flavonoids, natural compounds widely distributed in the plant kingdom, are reported to affect the inflammatory process and to possess anti-inflammatory as well as immunomodulatory activity in-vitro and in-vivo. Since nitric oxide (NO) produced by inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) is one of the inflammatory mediators, the effects of the ethanol/water extract of the leaves of Apium graveolens var. dulce (celery) on iNOS expression and NO production in the J774.A1 macrophage cell line stimulated for 24 h with Escherichia coli lipopolysaccharide (LPS) were evaluated. Our results clearly indicated the inhibitory activity of the extract and apiin in-vitro on iNOS expression and nitrite production when added before LPS stimulation in the medium of J774.A1 cells. The anti-inflammatory properties of the extract demonstrated in-vivo might have been due to reduction of iNOS enzyme expression.
Differential nuclear envelope assembly at the end of
mitosis in suspension-cultured Apium graveolens cells.
Chromosoma. 2009. Kimura Y, Kuroda C, Masuda K. Kimura Y, Kuroda C. Laboratory of Plant Functional Biology, Graduate School of Agriculture, Hokkaido University, Sapporo, Hokkaido, Japan.
NMCP1 is a plant protein that has a long coiled-coil domain within the molecule. Newly identified NMCP2 of Daucus carota and Apium graveolens showed similar peripheral localization in the interphase nucleus, and the sequence spanning the coiled-coil domain exhibited significant similarity with the corresponding region of NMCP1. To better understand disassembly and assembly of the nuclear envelope (NE) during mitosis, subcellular distribution of NMCP1 and NMCP2 was examined using A. graveolens cells. AgNMCP1 (NMCP1 in Apium) disassembled at prometaphase, dispersed mainly within the spindle, and accumulated on segregating chromosomes, while AgNMCP2 (NMCP2 in Apium), following disassembly at prometaphase with timing similar to that of AgNMCP1, dispersed throughout the mitotic cytoplasm at metaphase and anaphase. The protein accumulated at the periphery of reforming nuclei at telophase. A probe for the endomembrane indicated that the nuclear membrane (NM) disappears at prometaphase and begins to reappear at early telophase. Growth of the NM continued after mitosis was completed. NMCP2 in the mitotic cytoplasm localized in vesicular structures that could be distinguished from the bulk endomembrane system. These results suggest that NMCP1 and NMCP2 are recruited for NE assembly in different pathways in mitosis and that NMCP2 associates with NM-derived vesicles in the mitotic cytoplasm.