Aristotelia chilensis berries health benefit
May 20 2016 by Ray Sahelian, M.D.
Aristotelia chilensis is purple colored and found in the Patagonia region of South America. Mapuche Inidans consume it as food and medicine. Aristotelia chilensis is the botanical name for maqui berry which has many health benefits. For more information on berries.
Claims made, what does it benefit?
Aristotelia chilensis berries are promoted as having anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, anti-aging, anti-cancer, and natural COX-2 inhibiting activities.
J Med Food. 2014. Chilean Native Fruit Extracts Inhibit Inflammation Linked to the Pathogenic Interaction Between Adipocytes and Macrophages. It has been reported that Chilean native fruits maqui (Aristotelia chilensis) and calafate (Berberis microphylla) present high contents of polyphenols, which are known for their antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties. The aim of this study was to evaluate the ability of extracts of these fruits to block the pathogenic interaction between adipocytes and macrophages in vitro and to compare its effect with blueberry (Vaccinium corymbosum) extract treatment, which has been already described to possess several biomedical benefits. The extracts of these fruits present important inhibitory-like features over the inflammatory response of the interaction between adipocytes and macrophages, comprising a potential therapeutic tool against comorbidities associated with obesity development.
Content of Aristotelia chilensis berry
Aristotelia chilensis berries contain a high concentration of polyphenols and anthocyanins. The anthocyanin content is more than 10 grams per kilo.
Aristotelia chilensis berry
Aristotelia chilensis berries have several pigments corresponding to the 3-glucosides, 3,5-diglucosides, 3-sambubiosides and 3-sambubioside-5-glucosides of delphinidin and cyanidin. The principal anthocyanin is delphinidin 3-sambubioside-5-glucoside (34% of total anthocyanins). The average total anthocyanin content is 130 mg/100g of fresh fruit. The relative high anthocyanin content and the important presence of polar polyglycosylated derivatives makes the Aristotelia chilensis fruits an interesting source of anthocyanin extracts for food and pharmaceutical uses.