Caigua fruit health benefit, Does it reduce cholesterol or help you shed pounds?
September 20 2016 by Ray Sahelian, M.D.

Caigua (Cyclanthera pedata) is a curved, long fruit native to Peru. Caigua is also called wild cucumber. It is usually eaten as a vegetable in salads. Historical uses of caigua include the treatment of high cholesterol, high blood pressure or hypertension, and weight loss. If you would like to eat less consider a product called Diet Rx. This natural appetite suppressant works without stimulants and has no added caffeine, ephedra, ephedrine alkaloids, synephrine, hormones, guarana, ginseng, or stimulating amino acids.

What does the caigua research say?
I could not find any published human studies on caigua other than the ones below that discuss the flavonoids found within the caigua plant. Therefore, it is too early to make any recommendations regarding caigua supplements in terms of nutritional medicine use in humans.

Research and studies
Food Chemistry. 2014. Determination of the mineral composition of Caigua (Cyclanthera pedata) and evaluation using multivariate analysis. Caigua (in Brazil "maxixe do reino") is a fruit that is generally consumed either cooked or even raw as salad. This fruit has been used as a food and also in folk medicine. In this work, the mineral composition of Caigua was determined for the first time. Twenty-nine samples from five farms located in the southwestern region of Bahia, Brazil were acquired and analyzed using inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectrometry. The elements determined in this fruit included calcium, magnesium, sodium, potassium, phosphorus, manganese, iron, zinc, copper and vanadium.

Analysis of flavonoids from Cyclanthera pedata fruits by liquid chromatography/electrospray mass spectrometry.
J Pharm Biomed Anal. 2004.
A liquid chromatography/mass spectrometry based method was developed for the characterization of fruits of Cyclanthera pedata, a Peruvian food and medicinal plant. This method is based on the separation of flavonoid glycosides present in the methanolic extracts from caigua fruits using high performance liquid chromatography followed by detection with electrospray ionization mass spectrometry.

Studies on the constituents of Cyclanthera pedata fruits: isolation and structure elucidation of new flavonoid glycosides and their antioxidant activity.
J Agric Food Chem. 2001.
The isolation of six flavon glycosides (1-6), among them four new natural compounds (1-4), from the CHCl(3)/MeOH extract of the fruits of caigua is reported.

Studies on the constituents of Cyclanthera pedata fruits: isolation and structure elucidation of new triterpenoid saponins.
J Agric Food Chem. 1999.
The isolation of nine triterpenoid saponins (1-9), among them six new natural compounds (1-6), from the MeOH extract of the fruits of caigua is reported.

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