Dark Circles Under Eyes home remedy and cause
May 28 2015

Dark circles are due to the blood vessels below the eyes to being more noticeable through the skin. Like varicose veins, genetics plays a role in many cases. The area around your eyes is the thinnest and most delicate skin of your face. Like all skin, this area is webbed with tiny capillaries, blood vessels so tiny that red blood cells have to stand in line to get through them. Blood sometimes leaks from these capillaries - this probably happens all over the body all the time. The body's mopping-up process to get rid of that loose blood is what can cause this condition under the eyes.

Cause
Hereditary - Dark circles under the eyes runs in families. They tend to be more noticeable in people with fair skin or deep-set eyes.

Thinning skin - The skin under the eyes is thin and delicate to begin with. As we age, the skin around the eyes and eyelids thins out, which causes the blood vessels to become much more apparent, giving the under portion of the area to radiate a darker bag-like appearance. Sun damage can make this condition worse because it weakens skin.

Allergies and hayfever - Dark circles under the eyes can be the result of allergies to airborne substances, such as pollen, dust, and pet dander, because people rub their itchy eyes. People with hayfever may notice them at the height of the season. Food allergies or sensitivities can also contribute to dark circles. Allergies can cause dark under eye circles in two ways. First, the allergic reaction itself can cause smudges in the under eye area. Second, any condition that causes you to rub your eyes can make dark circles worse because scratching or rubbing can actually darken the skin.
   If your dark circles or puffiness are constant, you may have an undetected food allergy, such as to gluten, or an allergy to a chemical in your home or workplace.

Fluid retention - Blood vessels under the eyes can become dilated and engorged, which can contribute to dark circles. Excess dietary salt and smoking are common causes. Conditions that cause fluid retention (e.g. heart, thyroid, kidney, liver diseases) or medications that cause blood vessel dilation may be a factor.

Lack of sleep - A lack of sleep or excessive tiredness can cause paleness of the skin, allowing the blood underneath the skin to become more visible and appear bluer or darker.

Iron deficiency Anemia may cause a bluish tinge below the eyes. Skin can also become more pale during pregnancy and menstruation (due to lack of iron), allowing the underlying veins under the eyes to become more visible.

Liver disease can sometimes be a cause.

Dehydration - Dark circles under the eyes can be a sign of not drinking enough fluids.

Treatment
In the morning, wash your face with cold water to help blood vessels constrict.

Applying an eye cream that contains vitamin K and retinol is thought to be of benefit. Skin creams containing these two ingredients may reduce puffiness and discoloration in many patients. Make-up can also be used to change the coloration of any exposed skin.

Many articles on this topic mention applying cucumber slices, damp caffeinated tea bags, or an ice cube wrapped in a soft washcloth to eyes for 10-15 minutes each day. I am not sure how well this natural remedy works.

Natural treatment research
J Cosmet Sci. 2014. Fucus extract: cosmetic treatment for under-eye dark circles. Dark circles around the eyes are a complex issue with two main possible causes, the accumulation of melanin in the skin around the eyes and the accumulation of heme resulting from blood leakage. The free heme produced in this manner is highly cytotoxic, proinflammatory and pro-oxidative. To evaluate the effect of Fucus extract on heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) stimulation activity, and to study its in vitro anti-inflammatory, antioxidative, and collagen stimulation activity. The HO-1 stimulation activity was first evaluated at gene level by reverse transcriptase- polymerase chain reaction targeting specific HO-1 gene, and then followed by Western blot in protein level. The in vitro anti-inflammatory effect was measured by quantification of interleukin-8 (IL-8) level. The in vitro antioxidative activity was measured. Collagen stimulation activity was quantitatively measured by the amount of deposited collagen I in the extracellular matrix. Fucus extract was identified to have HO-1 stimulation activity at both gene and protein level. By stimulating this enzyme, it promotes the degradation of toxic heme to its protective catabolites (CO, Ferritin, and bilirubin) and reduces the source of dark circles. In addition, Fucus extract showed good anti-inflammatory efficacy. The strong antioxidation property of Fucus extract can reduce eye bags and wrinkles while its collagen boosting activity will potentially reduce fine lines and wrinkles. Fucus extract is a novel product that brings a quadruple approach to the treatment of under-eye dark circles.

Emails
I was told to mix turmeric powder with several other items to form a paste; and this was suppose to help with under eye dark circles. Is this true? The Indian remedy for dark eye circles This recipe comes from an acquaintance, a fashion model in India. She uses this particular preparation on her dark circles every morning before covering them up with a thick concealer. You will need:* 1 tsp tomato juice* 3-4 drops of lemon juice* a pinch of turmeric powder* enough white flour to make a paste. Mash these ingredients together into a medium-thick paste and dab it under your eyes. After fifteen minutes, wash the paste away. This should lighten the dark circles and address puffiness to some degree.
   I am not familiar with this method.