Ringworm treatment tinea corporis
February 8 2016

Ringworm is a fungal infection of the skin. Fungi are organisms that survive by eating plant or animal material. Those that cause parasitic infection (dermatophytes) feed on keratin, the material found in the outer layer of skin, hair, and nails. These fungi thrive best on skin that is moist, hot, and hidden from the light.

Dermatophyte fungi are confined to the keratin layer of the epidermis and include three genera: Microsporum, Epidermophyton and Trichophyton. These infections can be transmitted by human contact (anthropophilic), from the soil (geophilic) and by animal (zoophilic) spread. Dermatophyte infections usually present as an erythematous, scaly eruption, which may or may not be itchy. Asymmetry is an important clinical clue to fungal infection, as is annular morphology. Any dermatophyte species affecting the body can affect the hands. The most common organism is T. rubrum.

Ringworm infection in children
The common dermatophyte genera Trichophyton, Microsporum, and Epidermophyton are major causes of superficial fungal infections in children. These infections (e.g., tinea corporis, pedis, cruris, and unguium) are typically acquired directly from contact with infected humans or animals or indirectly from exposure to contaminated soil or fomites.
   Tinea capitis or ringworm of the scalp most commonly affects children and is often characterized by severe itching, dandruff and bald patches. It is a persistent and contagious fungal infection that usually does not respond to topical treatment. See also fungus infection page.

Tinea corporis infection affects the trunk mainly in children and adolescents, and all genera of dermatophyte can cause it.

Ringworm treatment
Lamisil, known generically as terbinafine hydrochloride, from manufacturer Novartis AG., is available as granules. The antifungal granules can be sprinkled on a child's food to treat ringworm of the scalp. The child has to be older than 4 years.

J Altern Complement Med. 2012. Brazilian green propolis extracts improve Tinea pedis interdigitalis and Tinea corporis.