Adipose Tissue information, function, and natural
ways to decrease volume
October 14 2017 by Ray Sahelian, M.D.
Adipose tissue is an anatomical term for loose connective tissue composed of adipocytes. Its main role is to store energy in the form of fat, although it also cushions and insulates the body. It also acts as an endocrine organ. Connective tissue includes the following five types: loose connective, dense connective, elastic, reticular, and adipose.
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It has been suggested that changes in the production of adipose tissue hormones in obese postmenopausal women might positively affect their bone status.
Brown adipose tissue information
Brown adipose tissue, or brown fat, and white adipose tissue are two types of adipose tissue. Brown adipose tissue is found in many newborn and hibernating mammals. Its primary function is to generate body heat. In contrast to white adipocytes (fat cells), which contain a single lipid droplet, brown adipocytes contain numerous smaller droplets and a much higher number of mitochondria.
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Human adipose tissue function as an endocrine
The traditional function attributed to white adipose tissue of energy storage in the form of triglycerides has been challenged by results from recent studies, showing that adipose tissue is, in fact, a highly active metabolic and endocrine organ. A radical change in perspective followed the discovery of a large number of proteins secreted from white adipocytes, such as leptin, resistin, adiponectin, adipsin, acylation-stimulating protein, angiotensinogen, tumour necrosis factor a, interleukin-6, retinol-binding protein, plasminogen activator inhibitor-1, tissue factor, fasting-induced adipose factor, fibrinogen/angiopoetin-related protein, and metallothionein. The effects of specific proteins may be either autocrine or paracrine, meaning that they might act in adipose tissue itself or in more distant target tissues. Some of these proteins induce insulin resistance, some play a role in glucose and lipid metabolism, some are inflammatory cytokines, while others are involved in vascular haemostasis.
Adipokines produced in adipose tissue have several roles and can be, according to their main function, grouped in four groups: immunologic, cardiovascular, metabolic and endocrine adipokines. Interleukin-6, tumor necrosis factor a and complement factors B, C3 and D (adipsin) and are within the first group. Adipsin was the one of the first adipokines identified. Ali this molecules have well defined roles in inflammation. IN other words, those who carry extra adipocyte tissue in their body are more prone to suffer medical conditions that are due to inflammation.. It is well known the association between obesity and cardiovascular risk, which is demonstrated by the improvement of cardiovascular risk factors associated with weight loss. Among the adipokines with cardiovascular main function the renin - angiotensin axis molecules and plasminogen activator inhibitor. Adipose tissue is mainly involved in lipid and glucose metabolism. Free fatty acids, adiponectin, resistin, agouti related peptide and visfatin are molecules involved in those metabolic pathways. Leptin is the paradigm of the adipose tissue endocrine function. It is a1most exclusively produced by the adipocyte and it has a central role in energy storage regulation and fertility. Steroid inter-conversion also occurs in adipose tissue.
Does eating a lot of fruit or drinking fruit juices cause an increase in size of adipose tissue?
Yes, fruits contain fructose which can convert into fat.