Gac Fruit nutrients, carotenoids, lycopene, health benefit
August 20 2017 by
Ray Sahelian, M.D.

Gac fruit is also known as Kerala in India, Moc Niet Tu in China. GAC fruit is a gourd shaped fruit about the size of a canteloupe. When it is fully ripened, it is a reddish color. The botanical name of Gac fruit is Momordica cochinchinensis.

Gac fruit oil is being promoted as a unique, antioxidant-rich skin protector from Asia.

Composition, ingredients
It has a very high concentration of lycopene, zeaxanthin, beta carotene and vitamin C. Gac fruit (Momordica cochinchinensis ) is well known as an exceptional source of lycopene and beta-carotene as well as Vitamin C and zeaxanthin. It also contains alpha-tocopherol, vitamin F, and minerals including iron and zinc. Additionally, aril, the red, oily pulp surrounding the seeds, is an exceptional source of long-chain fatty acids, which make the nutrients in Gac readily bioavailable.

One Gac supplement is being promoted as:
Contains a full 30 mg of lycopene in each capsule and a high amount of beta carotene.
Supports healthy circulation
Supports healthy immune defense, cells and DNA
Supports healthy skin
Supports healthy eyesight

Gacis thought to have high levels of lycopene and beta-carotene along with good amounts of zeaxanthin.

Int J Oncol. 2005. Inhibition of tumor growth and angiogenesis by water extract of Gac fruit (Momordica cochinchinensis Spreng). The antitumor activity of the crude water extract from Gac fruit (Momordica cochinchinensis) was investigated in vivo and in vitro. The antitumor component was confirmed as a protein with molecular weight of 35 kDa, retained in the water-soluble high molecular weight fraction. Thus, the bioactive antitumor compound in Gac extract is a protein, which is distinct from lycopene, another compound in Gac fruit with potential antitumor activity.

Seed content
Immunopharmacol Immunotoxicol. 2013. Anti-inflammatory properties of a triterpenoidal glycoside from Momordica cochinchinensis in LPS-stimulated macrophages.