Rubus coreanus
March 1 2016

Nutr Res Pract. 2014. Anti-inflammatory effects of Rubus coreanus Miquel through inhibition of NF-κB and MAP Kinase. Rubus Coreanus Miquel, used as a traditional Korean medicine, reduces chronic inflammatory diseases such as cancer and rheumatoid arthritis.

J Ethnopharmacol. February 2014. Effect of the combinatory mixture of Rubus coreanus Miquel and Astragalus membranaceus Bunge extracts on ovariectomy-induced osteoporosis in mice and anti-RANK signaling effect. Postmenopausal osteoporosis is one of the most common disorders in women after menopause, which is linked to an estrogen deficiency and characterized by an excessive loss of trabecular bone. Rubus coreanus and Astragalus membranaceus have been used for their various pharmacological properties in Asia as a traditional medicine. The present study evaluated the anti-osteoporotic effects of the optimal combination of Rubus coreanus and Astragalus membranaceus in 7:3 mixture (RAM) in ovariectomized (OVX) mice by investigating bone biomechanical properties and the serum levels of TNF-α, osteocalcin, RANKL, OPG, and RANK-RANKL signal-related osteoclast differentiation markers. A total of 36 mature female outbred ICR (Institute of cancer research) strain mice (7 weeks) were divided into 6 groups with 7 mice in each group as follows: (1) Sham-operated control mice (Sham) received daily oral phosphate-buffered-saline (PBS) of equal volumes through gavage. (2) OVX mice received a daily oral gavage of PBS (OVX). (3) OVX mice were treated daily with 50mg/kgb.w./day of RAM (4) with 100mg/kgb.w./day of RAM or (5) with 200mg/kgb.w./day of RAM via oral gavage. (6) OVX mice received i.p. injections of 17β-estradiol (E2) (0.1mg/kgb.w./day) three times per week for 12 weeks. Micro-CT images showed that oral administration of RAM to OVX mice prevented tibial bone loss, preserved trabecular bone microarchitecture, and improved bone biomechanical properties. RAM administration also showed recovery effects on the levels of TNF-α, OPG and RANKL concentration in OVX-states. Additionally, we found that the mechanism by which RAM elicited anti-osteoporotic effects was by down-regulating the expression of TRAF6 and NFATc1 in RANKL-RANK pathway, a route of osteoclast differentiation, followed by reducing the production of osteoclast differentiation factors, calcitonin receptors and cathepsin K. Our research strongly suggests that RAM can be clinically used in the prevention and treatment of postmenopausal osteoporosis.

J Ethnopharmacol. 2011.
Effects of Rubus coreanus extract on visual processes in bullfrog's eye.
School of Life Sciences and Biotechnology, College of Natural Sciences, Kyungpook National University, 1370 Sangeok-dong, Buk-ku, Taegu 702-701, Republic of Korea.
The fruit of Rubus coreanus is traditionally used as an aphrodisiac, astringent, restorative and tonic in Asian countries. It is advised for treating diseases related to liver, kidney and urinary dysfunction, premature greying, blurred vision, infertility, impotence and premature ejaculation. Additionally, there is a long history of different parts of the plants being used in the treatment of ophthalmic diseases. However, no scientific studies have been undertaken to determine the effects of Rubus coreanus in visual processes of the vertebrate retina.AIM OF STUDY:The purpose of the present study was to investigate the positive effects of Rubus coreanus extracts on visual processes in the vertebrate's eye. Electroretinogram (ERG) techniques were used to record the responses from a bullfrog's eye cup preparations. Active pharmacological agents were used to block specific receptors in the retina and to leave others unaffected. Lipid peroxidation in the retina was generated by adding FeSO(4)+Na-ascorbate.RESULTS:It was observed that both dark- and light-adapted ERG b-wave peak amplitude significantly increases with Rubus coreanus treatment. It was found that Rubus coreanus acts as a retinal neural antagonist but not as GABA receptor antagonist. Rubus coreanus treatment lowered the duration of rhodopsin regeneration. The results obtained indicated that Rubus coreanus protects against lipid peroxidation drop off ERG amplitude in retina. Based on results obtained, it is suggested that Rubus coreanus can potentially improve visual sensitivity and can be used to treat pathophysiological conditions of eye.